All about fruitarianism with a long-term fruitarian, Lena

Vegetarian diets do not contain meat, poultry or fish, vegan diets further exclude dairy products and eggs. Vegetarian and vegan diets can vary widely.

In general, vegetarian diets provide relatively large amounts of cereals, pulses, nuts, fruits and vegetables.

In terms of nutrients, vegetarian diets are usually

  • rich in carbohydrates, n-6 fatty acids, dietary fibre, carotenoids, folic acid, vitamin C, vitamin E and Mg,
  • relatively low in protein, saturated fat, long-chain n-3 fatty acids, retinol, vitamin B12, zinc (Zn),
  • vegans may have particularly low intakes of vitamin B12 and low intakes of Ca.

On average, vegetarians and vegans have a relatively low BMI and a low plasma cholesterol concentration, but higher plasma homocysteine concentrations than in non-vegetarians. Overall, the data suggest that the health of Western vegetarians is good and similar to that of comparable non-vegetarians.

Aristotle

Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all.

Plant-Based Diet

A plant-based diet is a diet of any animal (including humans) based on foods derived from plants, including vegetables, whole grains, legumes and fruits, but with few or no animal products

"Plant-based diet" has been used to refer to the following diets:

  • Vegan diet - no food from animal sources.
    • Fruitarian  - consists primarily of fruit.
    • Raw vegan - food is uncooked and sometimes dehydrated.
  • Vegetarian - plant foods, may include eggs and dairy, but no meat.
  • Ovo-lacto vegetarian - includes dairy and eggs.
  • Ovo vegetarian - includes eggs but no dairy. 
  • Lacto vegetarian - includes dairy but no eggs.
  • Pescatarian - diet with eggs, dairy and seafood.
  • Semi-vegetarian - with occasional inclusion of meat.

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