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Serum vitamin B12, serum folate and red blood cell folate levels were examined among 36 strict vegans of 5-35 years' duration.

Vitamin B12 levels among the vegans were generally lower than in a control population. Most of the vegans had vitamin B12 values less than 200 pg/ml

None of the vegans had any hematologic evidence of vitamin B12 deficiency, however four of them had neurologic complaints. Long-standing vegans should be monitored for vitamin B12 levels.

Red blood cell folate levels were normal but serum folate levels among the vegans were higher than among the controls. 

Stanley Milgram

The disappearance of a sense of responsibility is the most far-reaching consequence of submission to authority.

All Known Essential Vitamins

Vitamins are a group of substances that are needed for normal cell function, growth, and development. There are 13 essential vitamins:

  • Vitamin A (retinol, retinal, 4 carotenoids)
  • Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
  • Vitamin D (D3 - Cholecalciferol, D2 - Ergocalciferol)
  • Vitamin E (tocopherols, tocotrienols)
  • Vitamin K (phylloquinone, menaquinones)
  • Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
  • Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
  • Vitamin B3 (niacin)
  • Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid)
  • Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine)
  • Vitamin B7 (biotin)
  • Vitamin B9 (folic acid)
  • Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin)

Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the body's fatty tissue: vitamins A, D, E, K

Water-soluble vitamins - the body must use almost all water-soluble vitamins right away - vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9 and C.
Vitamin B12 is the only water-soluble vitamin that can be stored in the liver for many years.

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