All about fruitarianism with a long-term fruitarian, Lena

Searching for and buying male pants in a local shopping mall in California, looking for options for vegan belts, shoes, and clothing. It took us 4 hours to find a model of cotton khakis that matches two people (they needed the same look).

Down is harvested as a byproduct of the meat industry, geese and ducks are raised for slaughter. But there’s an economic temptation to live-pluck the birds. The plucking of live birds become rare nowadays,  and is against the law in the US and in several European countries. But live-plucking ducks and geese still practiced at factory farms in China, Poland and Hungary.

Stanley Milgram

The disappearance of a sense of responsibility is the most far-reaching consequence of submission to authority.

Food Energy

Food energy is chemical energy that animals derive from their food and molecular oxygen through the process of cellular respiration. Humans and other animals need a minimum intake of food energy to sustain their metabolism and to drive their muscles.

Organisms derive food energy from carbohydrates, fats and proteins as well as from organic acids, polyols, and ethanol present in the diet. Some diet components that provide little or no food energy, such as water, minerals, vitamins, cholesterol, and fiber, may still be necessary to health and survival for other reasons. 

Using the International System of Units, researchers measure energy in joules (J) or in its multiples; the kilojoule (kJ) is most often used for food-related quantities. An older metric system unit of energy, still widely used in food-related contexts, is the "food calorie" or kilocalorie (kcal or Cal), equal to 4.184 kilojoules. 

<>Fats and ethanol have the greatest amount of food energy per mass, 37 and 29 kJ/g (8.8 and 6.9 kcal/g), respectively. Proteins and most carbohydrates have about 17 kJ/g (4.1 kcal/g). 

Conventional food energy is based on heats of combustion in a bomb calorimeter and corrections that take into consideration the efficiency of digestion and absorption and the production of urine. 

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