All about fruitarianism with a long-term fruitarian, Lena

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  • Spotting Bad Science by Andy Brunning

    Many of us rely on media that publish scientific research to adjust our nutrition. Here is something to remember, when evaluating it.

    Spotting Bad Science by a chemistry teacher from UK, Andy Brunning - 12 points to help you separate the science from the pseudoscience:
    1. SENSATIONALISED HEADLINES
    2. MISINTERPRETED RESULTS
    3. CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
    4. CORRELATION & CAUSATION
    5. UNSUPPORTED CONCLUSIONS
    6. PROBLEMS WITH SAMPLE SIZE
    7. UNREPRESENTATIVE SAMPLES USED
    8. NO CONTROL GROUP USED
    9. NO BLIND TESTING USED
    10. SELECTIVE REPORTING OF DATA
    11. UNREPLICABLE RESULTS
    12. NON-PEER REVIEWED MATERIAL

Jeremy Bentham

The question is not, "Can they reason?" nor, "Can they talk?" but "Can they suffer?” 

Enterotypes and Microflora

An enterotype is a classification of living organisms based on its bacteriological ecosystem in the gut microbiome. Humans can be roughly divided into three enterotypes depending on which genus of bacteria dominates their gut: Bacteroides, Ruminococcus, or Prevotella. 

  • People who eat a lot of meat and saturated fat tended to have more Bacteroides in their flora
  • Ruminococcus prevailed in people who consumed lots of alcohol and polyunsaturated fats. 
  • Prevotella favored a diet rich in carbohydrates.

Long-term diet is strongly associated with the gut microbiome composition. If switching gut enterotype is possible, it may take a long-term dietary intervention. 

Chimpanzees have enterotypes that are compositionally analogous to those found in humans. 

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