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Fruitarianism

Fruitarian ethics, history, worldview and ideas - theoretical and cultural aspects of fruitarianism, fruitarian lifestyle and diet. 

Fruitarianism - a quest for optimal ethical ways to live and healthy diets based on fruits and seeds. 

Philosophy

Fruitarian system of philosophical thought, the theoretical basis of fruitarianism, rational arguments for and against it, critical discussion, general presentation and definitions.

Lifestyle

The way in which fruitarians live: practical ethical choices, environmentally-friendly and healthy behavior, fruitarian ways of daily living, forming relationships, and being active in societies.

Diet

Fruitarian diet, based on fruits and seeds of plants, with other additions. 

Fruitarian Salad - a somewhat complex non-sweet fruit salad recipe, with my usual spices and herbs, and with some additional ingredients this time like chives, oregano, sage, thyme, marjoram, basil, rosemary, etc. - raw vegan, for Winter and cold - a 30-minute improvised video:

Hope you liked some of my ideas and got your own!

Some fruitarians maintain that fruitarian diet should include only fruit flesh, which usually surrounds seeds of the common fruits. They insist on nver including seeds, because eating them would mean the same as destroying plants (or their "babies").

I must disagree

  1. First, seeds are not developed organisms. The main premise of fruitarianism is that complex organisms as plants deserve our ethical consideration, and most seeds are just dormant plant matter: it would be highly impractical and even immoral to treat them as individuals. 
  2. Second, they are produced by plants in excess, not all require to go through our digestive system, and only few can develop into organisms due to shortage of resources on this planet.
  3. Third, fruitarianism is about fruits is botanical sense, not culinary or common.

This is amazing how many times I was asked: where do you get your protein? Many people seem to think that there is no protein in fruit. Let's look into it. 

  1. How much protein one needs? ↓
  2. How much protein is in fruit and seeds? ↓
  3. Is that the right protein? ↓

I composed two lists with a few examples of the fruitarian food sources of zinc: fruits, seeds, seaweeds and mushrooms. You can compare the amounts of zinc in them with the recommended daily allowance of the mineral. RDA is usually around 20% higher than the amount needed for half of the healthy people. 

Here are two examples of two random satisfying days of vegan fruitarian food for one female and one male persons.

How is your "perfect" day of food looks like? 

Yesterday was one of mine (Fruitarian Lena):

  • two glasses of freshly made organic orange juice,
  • a great smoothie with strawberries, purple grapes, bananas and oranges,
  • ~50 g of organic raw zucchini chips (with sesame and sunflower seeds),
  • a few dehydrated tomatoes,
  • tried 4-5 pea sprouts for the first time,
  • a big bowl of organic blueberries and blackberries,
  • a pound pack (1/2 kg) of very ripe dark red organic strawberries!

Recommended intake of calcium for adults 19–50 years, in milligrams per day (RDA, recommended dietary allowances based on North American and western European data) is  1000 mg a day (1 g).

Example of calcium plant food sources, fruit and seeds: 

  • Sesame seeds, whole, roasted - 989 mg calcium / 100 g.
  • Chia seeds, dried - 631 mg calcium / 100 g. 
  • Figs, dried - 162 mg calcium / 100 g, ~ 600 g figs for 1000 mg (1 g) calcium
  • Olives, ripe, canned - 94 mg calcium / 100 g.
  • Dates, medjool - 64 mg calcium / 100 g.

Lotus Tree Fruits

Lotus-eaters (lotophagi or lotophaguses, lotophages) were fruitarians, whose primary foods were fruits and flowers of a lotus tree. 

Herodotus, in the 5th century BCE, was sure that the lotus-eaters still existed in his day, in coastal Libya:

A promontory jutting out into the sea from the country of the Gindanes is inhabited by the lotus-eaters, who live entirely on the fruit of the lotus-tree. The lotus fruit is about the size of the lentisk berry and in sweetness resembles the date. The lotus-eaters even succeed in obtaining from it a sort of wine.

Polybius identifies the land of the lotus-eaters as the island of Djerba (ancient Meninx), off the coast of Tunisia. Later this identification is supported by Strabo.

According to Greek mythology, lotophagi lived on an island dominated by lotus plants, and its flowers of fruits were narcotic, causing the people to sleep in peaceful apathy.

Vegetarianism is the theory and practice of voluntary non-consumption of the flesh of any animal, including sea animals.

The known history of vegetarianism begins civilizations of ancient India, Egypt, and Greece. Religious groups in Egypt (~ 3,200 BCE - Before Current Era) practiced abstinence from flesh and from wearing animal-derived clothing. The earliest records of vegetarianism as a concept and practice amongst a significant number of people concern the India and Greece civilizations. In both instances the diet was closely connected with the idea of nonviolence toward animals (Ahimsa in India), and was promoted by religious groups and philosophers. In the ancient Vedic period vegetarianism was encouraged, but eating some kinds of meat was allowed by law. 

A newspaper article about forming of a fruitarian community in California was published in Medford Mail (Medford, Jackson County, Oregon) on Friday, October 16, 1896. 

1896 Fruitarian Community (Newspaper Article)
1896 Fruitarian Community (Newspaper Article)

A colony of fruitarians is being formed in Santa Barbara county by W. S. Manning, who subsists solely on uncooked fruit and nuts. They will be located near Los Olivos. 

Los Olivos is a census-designated place in the Santa Ynez Valley of Santa Barbara County, California. In 1885 Alden March Boyd planted five thousand olive trees there, and called it Rancho De Los Olivos. The 1880s were a boom time for California.
(Etling, William (2005). Sideways in Neverland: Life in the Santa Ynez Valley. iUniverse.)

The image was found by Anne Osborne.

Fruitarian diet consists primarily of fruits and seeds in the botanical sense.

Main foods:

  • fruits,
  • seeds. 

Examples of fruitarian meals

  • a melon, followed by a bunch of green peas after a while,
  • several large pieces of fruits and a handful of nuts, 
  • a non-sweet fruit salad.

Lifestyle and ethics: fruitarianism

Your comments, suggestions, critique, and ideas:
Richard Dawkins

I'd like everybody to be a vegetarian... In 100 or 200 years time, we may look back on the way we treated animals today as something like we today look back on the way our forefathers treated slaves.

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