All about fruitarianism with a long-term fruitarian, Lena

Many of us rely on media that publish scientific research to adjust our nutrition. Here is something to remember, when evaluating it.

Spotting Bad Science by a chemistry teacher from UK, Andy Brunning - 12 points to help you separate the science from the pseudoscience:
1. SENSATIONALISED HEADLINES
2. MISINTERPRETED RESULTS
3. CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
4. CORRELATION & CAUSATION
5. UNSUPPORTED CONCLUSIONS
6. PROBLEMS WITH SAMPLE SIZE
7. UNREPRESENTATIVE SAMPLES USED
8. NO CONTROL GROUP USED
9. NO BLIND TESTING USED
10. SELECTIVE REPORTING OF DATA
11. UNREPLICABLE RESULTS
12. NON-PEER REVIEWED MATERIAL

Spotting Bad Science
Spotting Bad Science

George Bernard Shaw

The worst sin toward our fellow creatures is not to hate them, but to be indifferent to them: that's the essence of inhumanity. 

Body Weight, Obesity, and BMI

Body weight - person's mass or weight. Body weight is measured in kilograms, pounds, or stones and pounds. Body weight is the measurement of weight without items located on the person

Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.

People are generally considered obese when their body mass index (BMI) is over 30 kg/m2, with the range 25–30 kg/m2 - overweight. 

BMI, body mass index - a measurement obtained by dividing a person's weight by the square of the person's height. 

Obesity increases the likelihood of diseases, particularly heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis.

Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive food intake, low levels of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility. A few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine disorders, medications, or mental illness. Evidence to support the view that obese people eat little yet gain weight due to a slow metabolism is not generally supported.

On average, obese people have a greater energy expenditure than their thin counterparts due to the energy required to maintain an increased body mass.

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