All about fruitarianism with a long-term fruitarian, Lena

Recommended intake for adults, in milligrams per day (recommended calcium allowances based on North American and western European data):

  • Adolescents, 10–18 years - 1300 mg / day
  • Females, 19 years to menopause - 1000 mg / day
  • Females, pregnant women (last trimester) - 1200 mg / day
  • Females, lactating women - 1000 mg / day
  • Females, postmenopause - 1300 mg / day
  • Males, 19–65 years - 1000 mg / day
  • Males, 65+ years - 1300 mg / day

The calcium requirement of an adult is generally recognized to be the intake required to maintain calcium balance and therefore skeletal integrity

Calcium balance is determined by the relationship between calcium intake and calcium absorption and excretion. Relatively small changes in calcium absorption and excretion can neutralize a high intake or compensate for a low one. 

A positive calcium balance (net calcium retention) is required throughout growth, particularly during the first 2 years of life and during puberty and adolescence. These age groups therefore constitute populations at risk for calcium deficiency, as do pregnant women (especially in the last trimester), lactating women, postmenopausal women, and, possibly, elderly men. 

William of Ockham

Entities should not be multiplied unnecessarily.

Ethics and Aesthetics

Ethics - moral principles that govern behavior of a person or a group.

Ethics can refer to standards of right and wrong that prescribe what a human ought to do. Ethical standards include standards relating to rights (e.g. right to life, the right to freedom from injury).

Laws, and social norms, or feelings can differ from what is ethical. It is necessary for individuals to frequently examine own standards to ensure that they are reasonable. 

Ethics as moral philosophy involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct. Moral philosophy is related to the fields of moral psychology, descriptive ethics, and value theory.

As a branch of philosophy, ethics investigates the questions

  • "What is the best way for people to live?
  • "What actions are right or wrong in particular circumstances?"

Axiology is the philosophical study of value, collective term for ethics and aesthetics - philosophical fields that depend crucially on notions of worth. 

Aesthetics studies the concepts of "beauty" and "harmony." Aesthetics (esthetics) is a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of art, beauty, and taste, creation and appreciation of beauty. It is more scientifically defined as the study of sensori-emotional values. More broadly, aesthetics is defined as "critical reflection on art, culture and nature."

Fruitarians.net Apple