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A girl from the Ancient Egypt in Chakrasana

I started studying Yoga when I was 17 with Patanjali Yoga Sutras in various translations, and then read tons of book on various traditions in Yoga (Hatha, Pranayama, Kundalini, etc). First, I would like to present to you my personal compact version / interpretation of the 8 limbs of Yoga योग.

Yoga Sutras are based on atheistic philosophy Samkhya, an orthodox (Astika) and atheistic hindu system of dualism.

My short version of 8 Limbs of Yoga

For bliss: 

  • avoid violence, illusion, greed, wastefulness, possessiveness;
  • be clean, content, engaged; study, respect own mind;
  • exercise and breathe efficiently; 
  • control impulses, abstract, concentrate and think.

A Longer Version of 8 Limbs of Yoga

External aids to Yoga (bahiranga sadhana):

  1. Yama refers to the five abstentions: outward observances:
    1. Ahimsa: non-violence.
    2. Satya: non-illusion.
    3. Asteya: non-greed.
    4. Brahmacharya: energy conservation.
    5. Aparigraha: non-possessiveness.
  2. Niyama - inward observances:
    1. Shaucha: cleanliness.
    2. Santosha: contentment.
    3. Tapas: effort.
    4. Svādhyāya: study.
    5. Ishvarapranidhana: acceptance of the fullness of self.
  3. Asana: firm and pleasant postures. A good pose is one that stretches and strengthens simultaneously, in all the ways the body needs, in order to create optimal physical alignment.
  4. Pranayama: extended breathing.
  5. Pratyahara: withdrawal of senses from external objects.

    Internal aids to Yoga (antaranga sadhana):

  6. Dharana: concentration.
  7. Dhyana: meditation. 
  8. Samādhi समाधि, equilibrium ("samā") of a detached intellect ("dhi"): bliss, realization of unity. 
Your comments, suggestions, critique, and ideas:
Erich Fromm

It is naively assumed that the fact that the majority of people share certain ideas and feelings proves the validity of these ideas and feelings. Nothing could be further from the truth. Consensual validation as such has no bearing on reason or mental health.

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